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American Veterinary Medical History Society 2004 Annual Meeting
American Veterinary Medical History Society
Annual Business Meeting
Tuesday, July 27, 2004
Loews Hotel – Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

1. Call to Order

President Sidney A. Ewing called the AVMHS business meeting to order at 8:12am and presided over the session, which opened the day-long program. The order of business followed the protocol specified in the Bylaws (Article 9, Section 2).

  • Roll Call

The Secretary/Treasurer routed an attendance roster. A total of 22 members and guests were present.

  • President’s Address

President Ewing wished to extend words of appreciation to many people during the past year. Even though he could not name all of them, he wished to recognize or highlight the following:

  • Thank all who participated in the 25 th Anniversary Program in Denver, as a highlight of the organization’s existence.
  • Remember Dr. Elizabeth “Betty” Lawrence for making the Anniversary celebration possible and her many years of service to the AVMHS and the veterinary profession.
  • Thank Dr. Roncalli for putting together this year’s program.
  • Thank Dr. Phyllis Larsen for organizing the auction and her great additional help.
  • Thank Drs. Detwiler and Herman, as well as our sister organization, the Eastern Veterinary History Society, for the local arrangements for the museum tour.
  • Thank Merck/Merial for supporting the Student Essay Contest, including Drs. Smithcors, Heath, and Roncalli who served as judges.
  • Heartfelt thanks to Dr. Leo Lemonds for his 11 years of service as AVMHS Secretary/Treasurer.

Concerning future activities, the Society and its Board have also come to depend, perhaps too heavily, on some loyal members, including Dr. Bob McClure who maintains the AVMHS Web Site, but now wishes to be replaced. Also, Dr. Sidney Ewing would like to find someone to take over his responsibilities for managing the Student Essay Contest. Dr. Smithcors will continue to serve as Editor of Veterinary Heritage and remain an essay judge and Dr. David Williams continues to produce Veterinary Heritage.

President Ewing recommended establishing a Bylaws Review Committee. This might include determining the length of terms of Board members and incorporating the responsibilities of a Finance Committee. The Finance Committee would be named promptly by the Board to work with the Secretary/Treasurer and address the unusual financial needs arising from the World Association of History of Veterinary Medicine (WAHVM) Congress to be held in Minnesota, in 2005.

Concerning the AVMHS archives, President Ewing will introduce a motion later in the meeting that would authorize that historical materials currently held by Dr. Lemonds as Secretary/Treasurer be transferred to the Special Collections Department at Iowa State University (ISU). In this way, they would be properly indexed and stored in acid-free folders according to accepted archival practice. Online researching aids would be prepared and the records would become part of an extensive collection at ISU.

President Ewing indicated that he would also propose extending an invitation to veterinary students attending Ross and St. George’s University to submit manuscripts for the Smithcors Essay Contest. Currently, only students from institutions in the U.S. and Canada may participate.

With regard to Bylaws Article 3, Section 2.7 (“To develop and establish rapport with other national and international medical history societies”), he suggested that there should be further cooperation with other veterinary historical organizations and described two examples.

a) Eastern Veterinary Historical Society (EVHS). Dr. Max Herman, President of EVHS, has asked that AVMHS consider ways in which the two organizations might complement each other. As a result, Dr. Phyllis Larsen has been appointed to serve as liaison to EVHS for 2004/2005, with the purpose of investigating a formal arrangement for further cooperation and discussing mutual goals and directions. In particular, the EVHS will host a tour and open house at their museum in Collegeville, PA, during this year’s program. Those present were encouraged to sign up for the bus, if they had not already done so.

b) World Association of History of Veterinary Medicine (WAHVM). The AVMHS currently has a formal reciprocal agreement regarding automatic membership with WAHVM. In particular, we contribute $5 for each AVMHS member to WAHVM. In addition, we will host the joint World Congress in July 2005. Dr. Susan Jones is chairing the Program Committee for that event. President Ewing asked members to be as responsive as possible to Dr. Jones and her committee, when approached for assistance with the meeting in Minneapolis.

President Ewing ended his address with a tribute to Dr. Leo Lemonds. The Board had unanimously approved a suggestion to honor him with a Life Membership in AVMHS. His hard work and dedication in running this organization for over 11 years were greatly appreciated. President Ewing summarized Dr. Lemonds' extensive career from being a Nebraska native, having a mother born in a sod house, earning a DVM in 1949 from Iowa State University and practicing for 34 years in Hastings, Nebraska. During those years, he has been active in many civic organizations, including Kiwanis Club as committee member, officer, Lt. Governor and distinguished member. He has received many awards including Life Membership in the Nebraska Veterinary Medical Association (NVMA) and AVMA and was chosen NVMA Veterinarian of the Year and Distinguished Service Award. Dr. Lemonds was influential in helping the NVMA establish a 1900-era veterinary infirmary in a museum complex in Grand Island, NE. He has had long term interest in history and genealogy and has written nine books. Other hobbies are golf and fishing. He is married to Marcella whom he met at ISU and has 4 children, 10 grandchildren and 13 great grandchildren.

President Ewing presented Dr. Lemonds with his latest accolade, the AVMHS Life Membership “in appreciation for 11 years of service”. Dr. Lemonds will also receive a set of bookends at a later date, as they were too heavy for transport to Philadelphia.

4. Presentation of Minutes

The minutes of the 2003 AVMHS meeting held in Denver, Colorado were presented. Printed copies were available in the meeting room and had been posted on the AVMHS Web Site. It was moved by Dr. Bob McClure and seconded by Dr. Max Herman that the minutes be approved. The motion carried unanimously.

5. Rules and Procedures

Dr. Leo Lemonds requested that the proceedings be kept informal.

6. Nominations for Honorary Membership

No nominations were presented for 2004.

7. Introduction of Guests

Acknowledged guests included Dr. Lemonds’ wife Marcella and daughter Karen Kempf and Dr. Howard Erickson from Kansas State University.

  • Officer’s Reports
    • Treasurer’s Report

Dr. Leo Lemonds presented the treasurer’s report, copies of which were provided to members in the meeting room. Bob Brommer has served as accountant since AVMHS Incorporation in 1998 and prepares the annual financial reports. He will continue through January 2005, in order to submit the IRS report for 2004.

In support of the 25 th Anniversary in 2003, Dr. Elizabeth Lawrence had obtained a $10,000 grant from the Donaldson Trust. The remaining balance of $4,226.84 has been deposited in the AVMHS checking account.

President Ewing requested a motion to accept the treasurer’s report. It was moved by Dr. Bob McClure and seconded. The motion carried unanimously.

As past President, Dr. Phyllis Larsen acknowledged the many contributions made by Bob Brommer to AVMHS since its 1998 re-incorporation. She presented a certificate of appreciation to Dr. Lemonds to be given to Mr. Brommer for his valuable service over the years. Dr. Lemonds responded that Bob would certainly appreciate the memento.

    • Past President’s Report

There was no report from Dr. Sebastian Heath, who was not present.

    • Incoming President’s Report.

There was no report from Dr. Raffaele Roncalli, who was present.

  • Committee Reports
    • Smithcors Student Essay Competition

Dr. Ewing indicated that there were fewer essays submitted in 2004, than last year, with a total of 10 papers from 6 institutions. The 2004 winners were:

First Prize ($750) Greg Schmiesing (Washington State Univ.; he was also the first place winner in 2002 and 2003)

Second Prize ($500) Kathryn Bradford (Oklahoma State Univ.)

Third Prize ($250) Jennifer Chediak ( Cornell University)

Merck/Merial’s generous sponsorship makes it possible to award these prizes and offer a $500 travel supplement for one essayist to attend the Society’s annual meeting. No students were able to attend and make a presentation this year. Dr. Ewing acknowledged the three judges (Drs. Smithcors, Roncalli and Heath) who read and ranked the essays. The Essay Contest Committee agreed that all ten contestants were eligible to receive The Merck Veterinary Manual and a one-year subscription to Veterinary Heritage.

b) AVMHS Board

The presentation and vote on new officers for the coming year was held until New Business.

c) Program Committee

In the absence of Dr. Susan Jones, President Ewing described plans for the joint AVMHS-WAHVM meeting to be hosted in Minneapolis, on July 13-16, 2005. Further details were provided in Dr. Jones’ July 21, 2004 e-mail. The themes will be “Veterinary Pharmaceutical and Materia Medica” and “Veterinary Medicine in War and Peace: WWII and After”. Topics outside those two themes will be accepted as well. There will also be a poster session. Following the business meeting on July 20 (?), 2005, a reception, dinner and possibly a field trip to Iowa State University or a museum in Minneapolis are being considered. Dr. Jones appreciates any suggestions for presentations or meeting plans in general. President Ewing indicated that he would present two motions regarding the 2005 meeting later, under “New Business”.

10. Amendment to the Constitution and Bylaws

It was noted that the Finance Committee, which had been approved at last year’s annual meeting in Denver, needs to be incorporated into the Bylaws. No Bylaws changes were submitted this year.

11. Election of Officers and Directors

President Ewing reported for the Nominating Committee on the following slate of officers and board members for 2004-2005:

Past President Dr. Sidney Ewing

President-Elect Dr. David J. Williams

Secretary/Treasurer Susanne K. Whitaker

Board Members Trenton Boyd (2-year term through 2006)

Dr. James “Al” Moore (2-year term through 2006)

Dr. Thomas Murnane (continuing through 2005)

Dr. Debbie T. Ladry (continuing through 2005)

There were no nominations from the floor. Dr. Bob McClure made a motion to close the nominations and elect the slate as presented. Dr. Richard Detwiler seconded. The motion carried unanimously.

12. Unfinished Business

  • Electronic Manuscript Submission for Veterinary Heritage

Dr. Lemonds conveyed a recommendation from President-elect Dr. David Williams, that manuscripts for Veterinary Heritage be submitted in electronic format in order to facilitate production. President Ewing indicated that the student essays must initially be submitted in print for review and then winners are asked to send one print copy to Dr. Smithcors for editing, as well as providing an electronic copy. It was determined to be a worthy goal for all papers for the future.

Dr. Max Herman indicated that it would be helpful to have the entire back run of Veterinary Heritage online at the AVMHS Web Site. President Ewing supported this suggestion. Dr. Larsen recommended that the Secretary/Treasurer investigate digitizing the complete back run.

b) Naming Student Recipients

Smithcors Student Essay Contest recipients must fulfill a number of requirements. President Ewing will provide a list of all winners’ names for inclusion in the minutes. Prize winners receive a copy of the Merck Veterinary Manual and a one-year membership in AVMHS, which includes Veterinary Heritage.

c) AVMHS Web Site

Dr. Bob McClure has notified President-Elect Williams that he would like to step down as Webmaster. It was suggested that Trenton Boyd might serve as interim Webmaster for the coming transition year, so that it would not be necessary to move the Web Site from the University of Missouri on short notice. They will check with the Information Technology Department at the University of Missouri. Dr. Lemonds mentioned that he estimates 5-10 new members each year will join as a result of the site. Thus, he feels it is productive and should be kept going.

Dr. McClure will continue to post names and titles of the Smithcors Student Essay Contest submissions. President Ewing indicated that next year students will be asked in advance to give permission to post their names, if they enter the contest and are given a prize. Posting names can be sensitive, but most do not object when asked.

  • New Business
  • Disposition of AVMHS Archives

President Ewing made a formal motion and read the rationale for transferring archival documents related to the AVMHS that are currently held by the Secretary/Treasurer, Dr. Lemonds, to the Special Collections Department at Iowa State University in Ames, IA, as soon as feasible. It was seconded by Dr. Detwiler and the motion carried.

During the discussion, it was pointed out that ISU already houses the collections of prominent veterinarians, such as Dr. Raymond Allen Packer (, and other veterinary organizations, including the American Association of Veterinary Parasitologists ( The Special Collections Department has experience in providing warehousing and indexing at no cost. Their friendly staff is willing and eager to accept the Society’s materials. President Ewing further indicated no financial donation is required for the preparation of the materials and researching aids. Materials donated become the property of ISU. Dr. Beran mentioned that materials are readily accessible at ISU and invited others to visit the Veterinary Heritage Room at the University. The motion carried without dissent.

Dr. Lemonds suggested that an ad hoc committee could provide assistance to determine what materials should be transferred. However, President Ewing felt that this task could be accomplished by the past and present Secretary/Treasurer, along with Board members, rather than a formal committee. President Ewing further suggested that materials needed for ongoing daily operation of the Society should be passed on to the new Secretary/Treasurer and let the Special Collections Department do the winnowing of the submitted materials.

  • Extension of Student Essay Contest Eligibility

President Ewing made a motion on behalf of the Board recommending extension of eligibility for entering the AVMHS Smithcors Student Essay Contest to veterinary students at Ross University and St. George’s University, located on St. Kitts and Grenada, respectively. These students attend as many as 17 or 18 U.S. veterinary schools for their clinical training. This motion was seconded. Dr. Larsen felt that the motion wording should include a statement as to “why” this extension is needed, such as “because the majority of students from these two institutions presently complete their clinical training at U.S. schools.” The motion carried.

  • 2005 AVMHS-WAHVM Joint Meeting

President Ewing indicated that there were two motions to be made on behalf of Dr. Susan Jones, as part of her committee report.

The first motion concerned AVMHS approval of Dr. Robert Dunlop’s nomination for the WAHVM Cheiron Medal. Dr. Lemonds seconded the motion, which carried without dissent.

The second motion incorporated having the AVMHS warmly welcome and extend an invitation to WAHVM membership. Dr. Al Moore seconded the motion. It carried without dissent.

President Ewing made a third motion to provide $500 for travel expenses to the 35 th WAHVM International Congress in Turin, Italy, for Dr. Jones to represent AVMHS as an official voting member and $500 for Dr. Roncalli as incoming AVMHS President, who will also deliver the key note address at Turin. It was remembered that a motion had been made at the Denver meeting to provide $500 for travel expenses for Dr. Dunlop to attend the 34 th Congress in Mexico City in 2003. The motion was seconded by Dr. Moore and passed without dissent.

d) Reprint of The Veterinarian in America, 1625-1975

Dr. Lemonds raised the issue of reprinting 200-300 copies of Dr. Smithcors' 1975 book, The Veterinarian in America, 1625-1975, but did not make a motion. He indicated that the Hastings Press could reprint this title at a reasonable cost, such as 200 copies at $4.80, which would cost about $960. It was last reprinted in 1993 and might take about 4-5 years to sell all of the copies. Dr. McClure asked if there had been any requests for this book. Dr. Lemonds indicated that there would need to be advertising. Dr. Eastin made a motion to reprint the volume.

Rather than reprinting, Dr. McClure wondered if the text could be digitized and copies could then be printed on demand as requested, if the cost was reasonable. President Ewing mentioned that the current 1993 reprint is an imperfect copy. Dr. Roncalli felt that if the book was described on the Web Site, there would be interest from researchers. It could be included in a list of books on history and how they could be obtained. Dr. Eastin suggested that the AVMHS charge $15 per copy. President Ewing said that we would need publisher and author permission to reprint, but that it might be a fund-raising opportunity, which would increase accessibility. Dr. Larsen suggested that this matter should be explored by the Board.

President Ewing agreed with Dr. Larsen’s suggestion and moved that this matter be considered further by the Board. A committee might explore the possibility of reprinting the book. Dr. Moore seconded. Dr. Eastin accepted the friendly amendment. The motion carried.

Dr. Beran inquired whether Dr. Smithcors had any plans for updating the book, published nearly 30 years ago, especially the appendix with a list of major publications. President Ewing responded that he would have no objection to approaching Dr. Smithcors about updating the content, but did not want to obligate him to a revision. He suggested that the AVMHS Web Site might be a better place for lists than in the book.

    • Comments from Dr. Leo Lemonds

Dr. Lemonds commented on his 15-16 years as a member of the Society as “being very enjoyable”. Professionally, he felt that history was an important topic. However, he expressed concern for the future in maintaining AVMHS membership. He has also enjoyed the friendships with so many people and greatly values those relationships. He thanked everyone for their support. President Ewing thanked Dr. Lemonds for his many contributions over the years.

f) Program Changes

President Ewing indicated that the subsequent program is slightly different from that printed in Journal of American Veterinary Medical Association (JAVMA), due to the early submission date. Dr. Herman asked if he could extend the time for his talk today.

g) Request from Dr. Bruce Little, AVMA Exec. Vice President

Dr. Little, AVMA Executive Vice President, asked to speak to the AVMHS. After describing his past and present positions, he indicated that planning has begun for the AVMA’s Sesquicentennial Convention to be held in nine years in 2013 and wanted some historical information about where the AVMA held its first meeting. The 2012 meeting will be held in San Diego, so the 2013 would logically fall in the Eastern Time Zone according to the geographic sequence of locations. Locations are limited due to the need for hotel rooms within a certain distance and most of the convention arrangements are made centrally with little formal local involvement, as in past years. He wondered (a) where the AVMA meeting was held in 1863 and (b) could the meeting be moved out of geographic sequence to be held in a city such as Chicago, that had been the AVMA Headquarters since 1898.

Due to the accessibility of some books on display for the afternoon’s auction, it was possible to determine that the first AVMA meeting was in New York City. President Ewing indicated that the AVMHS would check on the historical background and formally report back to Dr. Little.

    • In Honor of Dr. Elizabeth A. Lawrence

Dr. McClure proposed a moment of silence in honor of Dr. Elizabeth Lawrence, who passed away in November, 2003.

  • Adjournment

The business meeting was adjourned at 9:45am.

Respectfully submitted,

Susanne Whitaker
Secretary/Treasurer, AVMHS

Sept. 15, 2004


American Veterinary Medical History Society

Program Summary
Tuesday, July 27, 2004
Loews Hotel – Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

I. AVMHS Annual Business Meeting 8:10-9:45am

II. Contributed Papers10:00-12:30

President and Program Chairman Dr. Raffaele Roncalli convened the contributed papers program at 10am. Twenty-one people were in attendance.

Rev. Dr. Robert P. Lawrence: Reflections on an Interdisciplinary Veterinarian: A Tribute to Dr. Elizabeth Lawrence 10:05-10:30am

Dr. Roncalli indicated that Dr. Elizabeth Lawrence was not only a dedicated veterinarian, but a cultural anthropologist and an extremely fine person.

Dr. Robert Lawrence was grateful to be included in the program, because of his wife Betty’s love of veterinary history and the AVMHS, which meant so much to her. He indicated that it would be difficult to summarize her long and productive life in 20 minutes, but offered insights into her many achievements and philosophies about the world. Copies of the memorial service booklet were available.

Betty often said, “God needed a veterinarian on the Ark”. Her life can also be summarized in a letter from Paul to Timothy - “guard well all things in life that are entrusted to us”. This philosophy was actively applied to her family and children, as well as her professional career.

Dr. Lawrence showed many images of Betty and described her many accomplishments. Among them was her ability to communicate with horses that was recognized by Monty Roberts, the dream of her own veterinary hospital in Westport, CT, receipt of the “Outstanding Woman Veterinarian of the Year” award, and building a personal library of over 18,000 volumes on various subjects. After receiving a PhD in cultural anthropology from Brown University, she received a grant to study gorillas in Rwanda, Africa. As an avid birder, she had a world life list of over 800 and was a National Audubon Society Board member. Betty also traveled extensively around the world giving numerous papers and presentations on animal cognition. Betty was a thinker who thought of everything—what’s new and what can be done to make the world better.

Dr. Leo L. Lemonds: Dr. Benjamin Rush—A True American Hero10:30-10:50am

In his introduction, Dr. Roncalli thanked Dr. Lemonds for his dedication to AVMHS and added that this paper offers another dimension to Dr. Lemonds’ historical work.

Dr. Lemonds indicated that there are many famous people who built the nation and whose work still benefit us today. As a result, it’s time to know more about Dr. Benjamin Rush, who was one of the 56 signers of the Declaration of Independence. Dr. Rush made profound medical achievements and has been called the “Hippocrates of Pennsylvania” and the “Father of American Medicine”. His contributions can be traced to about six medical schools. He has also been called the Father of American Psychiatry and is one of the most celebrated physicians in American history.

Dr. Lemonds outlined the life of Benjamin Rush (1745-1813) and described his many influences, especially relating to veterinary medicine. For example, Rush was an advocate for veterinary education, which is only briefly noted by historians. In some ways, he could be called the “Father of Veterinary Medicine in the United States”. In 1805, he and others called for the establishment of the Philadelphia Society of Agriculture to promote veterinary medical knowledge and the profession. He was also the first public figure to call for the establishment of a veterinary school. However, it was not until 74 years after Rush’s death that Rush Shippen Huidekoper, a lineal descendant of Dr. Rush, established a veterinary school at the University of Pennsylvania in 1884. Benjamin Rush felt that George Washington’s leadership was political grandstanding. Rush was one of the three most notable individuals in the U.S. at time of his death in 1813. He is buried in the Christ Church Cemetery in Philadelphia.

Dr. Richard H. Detwiler: The Veterinary Museums in Pennsylvania10:50-11:20am

Dr. Roncalli introduced Drs. Richard Detwiler and Max Herman, who made a joint presentation. Dr. Detwiler is a University of Pennsylvania VMD graduate who has been a practitioner for many years, served as past president of AVMHS in 1996/1997 and is a third-generation veterinarian. Dr. Max Herman, also earned a VMD from the University of Pennsylvania, practiced and taught for many years and is currently President of the Eastern Veterinary Historical Society (EVHS).

Dr. Detwiler showed illustrations and described the Landis Valley Farm Museum. Unfortunately, the veterinary museum is no longer in existence, as the building is closed due to state funding problems. However, it was a prime example of the 50 years of veterinary practice in Lancaster County by Dr. Newcomber.

The program was then turned over to Dr. Max Herman who outlined current plans for the EVHS’s museum. He indicated that the EVHS began in the 1990s as the Pennsylvania Veterinary Historical Society, but changed its name in 1998 to reflect its broader geographical scope.

One of the highlights is the Dr. Shomer collection, which includes over 1,000 volumes- some of which date back to 1550. It has been cataloged by Dr. and Mrs. Steinhoff. The pre-1930 volumes are currently stored at the New Bolton Center Library.

Through a donation from a private foundation, it has been possible for the EVHS to hire a part-time curator, Nancy Powell. She will redo their Web Site professionally and will hire two data entry persons. They are utilizing a software program called “Past Perfect” for record keeping.

In addition, he showed photos of various individuals involved in their projects; including Drs. Gulioni, Rude, Detwiler, Koenig and Steinhoff, as well as their museum facilities.

Among their recent projects include:

  • Restoration of a 1935 Dodge truck that will pull a 1920 veterinary ambulance formerly belonging to the Philadelphia Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.
  • Acquiring the Roger Caras book collection composed of 4-5,000 volumes, 72 volumes of Roger Caras’ works and videos of his documentaries.
  • Set up a museum committee to investigate options for new expanded space.

In summary, Dr. Herman emphasized that veterinary and human medicine are actually one medicine and that it is important to convey this message. The EVHS is interested in volunteers and members to advance the Museum and its mission. They also expressed interest in sharing surplus instruments.

Dr. Sidney Ewing: Setting Standards for Veterinary Medical Education in Early 20 th Century: The Role of the U.S. Bureau of Animal Industry11:20am-11:45am

Dr. Roncalli provided some biographical background about Dr. Sidney Ewing, who previously served as Dean at the University of Minnesota and is currently Emeritus Professor of Parasitology of Oklahoma State University. In addition to his long career in veterinary medicine, two parasites have been named in his honor.

Dr. Ewing’s talk described how the Bureau of Animal Industry (BAI) influenced veterinary medicine in the U.S. and explored ways in which the BAI improved veterinary education. In the 19 th century, veterinary medicine was struggling to be a profession rather than a trade. A number of veterinary schools developed around livery stables in major cities in which the curriculum was centered on the horse. They intended to make a profit in teaching veterinarians and often boasted how quickly a veterinary degree could be obtained. Concurrently, much was being written on what a proper veterinary curriculum should include and what skills were required. However, it was not until 1908 that the BAI’s employment regulations provided a turning point in the improvement education for veterinarians. The BAI employed nearly 800 veterinarians, yet few could pass the newly instituted U.S. Civil Service Examinations. As a result, a committee composed of five leading veterinarians was established in February 1908, to determine courses of study at veterinary colleges, so that graduates could qualify for work at the BAI. These members visited both private and state-supported schools and ranked the institutions. This visiting team of veterinarians, appointed by the Secretary of Agriculture, can be viewed as a forerunner of the present day AVMA Council on Education’s teams that visit schools as part of the accreditation process. In 1909, nine veterinary colleges met the qualifications and approved standards. As a result, the application of Federal Civil Service Examinations greatly improved veterinary education in less than one year.

Mr. Trenton Boyd: Images of Veterinary Medicine Through Postcards 11:55am-12:20pm

Mr. Boyd is the Veterinary Medical Librarian at the University of Missouri. He has been collecting postcards for many years.

Mr. Boyd indicated that it was difficult to choose which postcards to highlight from his collection of about 4,000 veterinary-related cards for this talk.  He opened his talk with a brief history of the postcard.  The hobby of collecting postcards is called deltiology and one who collects is called a deltiologist.  The first postcard was issued in 1869 by Austria at the urging of Dr. Emanual Hermman, an Austrian economist.  The first U.S. postcard was issued in 1873.  Government issued cards are called postals with the stamp printed on the card; whereas cards issued by private enterprise are called postcards and the postage must be affixed.  The Golden Age of Postcards was from 1898-1918.  Eastman Kodak Company introduced the folding pocket Kodak No. 3A camera in 1903 which was designed to take postcard size negatives.  This did much to make postcards popular as everyone could now make their own postcards.  In recent years archivists, librarians, historic preservationists and sociologists have realized the important role that postcards can play in documenting the past.  Historical sources indicate that the U.S. has had 69 veterinary schools, including the present day ones, but only 44 have been in existence during the time that picture postcards have been available.

Mr. Boyd said that he has found veterinary cards can generally be classified into one of  the following categories: schools, libraries, museums, associations, military, clinics, veterinarians in action, teratology, pet cemeteries, reminder cards, Christmas cards, comics, scouting, advertising (the largest category), meat inspection,  anthropomorphic and children playing veterinarian.  Mr. Boyd then gave some examples from the categories.  Some of the more interesting were of the evolution of the mobile clinic illustrating the transition from horse to the automobile, a two headed calf, a 1937 reminder card and 1925 newsletter both printed on the backs of postals, a veterinarian on a Nebraska ranch doctoring a wild horse,  a 1911 recruitment card for the Terre Haute Indiana Veterinary College, Christmas cards, a very scarce view of an interior of a zoo hospital,  a 1950 interior view of a veterinary clinic (of interest to architectural historians) and a sheepherder castrating a lamb with his teeth.  Mr. Boyd also showed his earliest view card which was a 1902 view of Cornell and a card of the 1910 Cornell graduating class of which Florence Kimball, the first woman in the U.S. to receive a DVM from a state veterinary school, was a member. Further examples included advertising cards for blackleg vaccine, flea killers, poultry vaccines and of insecticides no longer approved for sale. Mr. Boyd closed his presentation with a very rare hold to light card of the Union Stock Yards in Chicago.

Dr. Roncalli thanked all presenters who were given a round of applause before adjournment at 12:23pm.

III. Book and Memorabilia Auction for the Benefit of AVMHS 1:00-3:20pm

The auction was organized by Dr. Phyllis Larsen, who had prepared and distributed a list of submitted books and other veterinary memorabilia in advance. Each of the more than 85 donated items was numbered and listed by category.

In honor of his wife Dr. Elizabeth Lawrence, who was a long time and devoted member of the AVMHS, Dr. Robert Lawrence served as auctioneer.

IV. Tour and Open House, Eastern Veterinary History Society, Collegeville, Pennsylvania 3:45-7pm

Following the program at the Loews Hotel, the Eastern Veterinary History Society provided transportation by bus to Collegeville, Pennsylvania. Dr. Max Herman and his colleagues hosted an Open House and reception at their new museum. Approximately 15 individuals participated in the tour.

At the open house, a number of volumes from the Dr. Robert Shomer rare book collection were on display. In addition, Dr. and Mrs. Alfred C. Steinhoff explained how the collection had been acquired and described plans for its preservation.

There were also several exhibit cases full of instruments, material medica and other veterinary memorabilia. Another notable item included a World War I veterinary uniform that belonged to Dr. Richard Detwiler’s father, Dr. Russell S. Detwiler. It was also possible to view the work and processing areas and storage shelving. Also discussed were current and future plans for receiving and cataloging new and existing items and expanding the Museum’s physical facility in coming years.

An array of delicious refreshments was provided, including many Pennsylvania Dutch specialties, such as Shoofly Pie.

Despite the rain showers and sultry weather, everyone enjoyed the visit and appreciated the opportunity to see this emerging museum and its exhibits in person.

The day-long program adjourned at 7pm for the return trip to Philadelphia.

Compiled by

Susanne Whitaker
Secretary-Treasurer, AVMHS

Sept. 13, 2004

2004 – 2005 Officers and Committees



Dr. Raffaele A. Roncalli 
29 Louise Drive
Milltown, NJ 08850 
Ph: 732-940-4070 (Home)
Fax: 732-940-7881  

Past President

Dr. Sidney Ewing
College of Veterinary Medicine
Oklahoma State University
Stillwater, OK 74078-2006
Ph: 405-744-8177 (Office)
Fax: 405-744-5275

President – Elect

Prof. David J. Williams
School of Vet Medicine
Purdue University
G226 Lynn Hall
West Lafayette, IN 47907-1245
Ph. 765-494-1156 (Office)
Fax: 765-494-6197


Susanne K. Whitaker
23 Wedgewood Drive
Ithaca, NY 14850-1064
Ph: 607-253-3499 (Office)
Ph: 607-257-9248 (Office)
Fax: 607-253-3080

Web Masters

Dr. Robert McClure
University of Missouri
101 Bingham Road
Columbia, MO 65203-3577
Ph and Fax: 573-449-4497

C. Trenton Boyd
Veterinary Medical Library 
218 Veterinary Medicine
University of Missouri
Columbia, MO 65211-5120
Ph: 573-882-2461 (Office)
Fax: 573-882-2950

Board Members:

C. Trenton Boyd (term through 2006)
Veterinary Medical Library 
218 Veterinary Medicine
University of Missouri
Columbia, MO 65211-5120
Ph: 573-882-2461 (Office)
Fax: 573-882-2950

Dr. Debbie T. Ladry (term through 2005)
1431 Rang Centre
Garthby GOY 1BO
Quebec, Canada
Ph: 418-458-1145

Dr. J. Alford (“Al”) Moore (term through 2006)
5534 Green Timbers
Humble, TX 77346-1948
Ph: 281-852-2395

Dr. (Brig. Gen.) Thomas Murname (term through 2005)
6804 Benito Court
Fort Worth, TX 76126-2301
Ph: 817-731-8917
Fax: 817-731-8917


Endowment & Life Membership Committee

Dr. Charles Eastin I, Chair 
2250 Bryan Station Road, Route 10
Lexington, KY 40516
Ph. 859-299-5388

Susan Jones, D.V.M., Ph.D., ex-officio
Dr. Phyllis Larsen
Dr. Leo L. Lemonds
Dr. George Lewis

Finance Committee

Susanne Whitaker, Acting Chair
23 Wedgewood Drive
Ithaca, NY 14850-1064
Ph: 607-253-3499 (Day - Office)
Ph: 607-257-9248 (Evening – Home)
Fax: 607-253-3080

Dr. Charles (Mac) Larsen
Dr. (Brig. Gen.) Thomas Murnane
Prof. David J. Williams

Nominating Committee

Trenton Boyd, Chair
Veterinary Medical Library 
218 Veterinary Medicine
University of Missouri
Columbia, MO 65211-5120
Ph: 573-882-2461 (Office)
Fax: 573-882-2950

Dr. Phyllis H. Larsen
Dr. Leo L. Lemonds

SMITHCORS Essay Contest

Dr. Sidney Ewing, Chair  
College of Veterinary Medicine
Oklahoma State University
Stillwater, OK 74078-2006
Ph: 405-744-8177 (Office)
Fax: 405-744-5275

Dr. Sebastian Heath
Dr. Raffaele A. Roncalli
Dr. J. F. Smithcors

Veterinary Heritage

Dr. J.F. Smithcors, Editor and Chair 
736 Calabria Drive
Santa Barbara, CA 93105 
Ph: 805-682-5268 (Home) 

Prof. David J. Williams, Managing Editor
School of Vet Medicine
Purdue University
G226 Lynn Hall
West Lafayette, IN 47907-1245
Ph. 765-494-1156 (Office)
Fax: 765-494-6197

Dr. Susan Jones
Dr. Debbie T. Ladry, News & Comment Contributor
Dr. Phyllis Larsen
Dr. Phil Teigen

WAHVM Committee – 36th World Congress
Dr. Susan Jones, Chair
Department of History
Campus Box 234
University of Colorado
Boulder, CO 80309-0234
Ph: 303-492-2931 (Office)
Fax: 303-492-1868

Dr. Robert Dunlop
Dr. Sebastian Heath, ex-officio
Dr. Phyllis Larsen
Dr. Robert McClure
Dr. Ole Stalheim
Dr. Phil Teigen

Special AD-HOC Committees:

Liaison to Eastern Veterinary Hisotry Society (EVHS)

Dr. Phyllis Larsen
1675 Ellis Hollow Road
Ithaca, NY 14850
Ph: 607-539-6181 (Home & Fax)

Museum Project

Dr. Harold Davis
Mountain West Animal Clinic
410 S. 450 West
Springville, UT 84663
Ph: 801-489-9676

Veterinary Education

Dr. Charles Hendrix
166 Greene Hall
Auburn University
Auburn, AL 36830
Ph: 334-844-2688 (Home)
Fax: 344-844-2652